Finland

Area

  • 390,920 sq. kilometres (150,900 sq.miles), of which 9 % is fresh water, land area is 303,909 sq. kilometres (117,337 sq. miles)
  • 188,000 lakes
  • 6 % of the land is uder cultivation, with barley and oats the main crops
  • forests cover 68 % 68 % of the country
  • monthly temperatures (mean):

        I         II         III        IV        V       VI     

 C -2.8    -3.6    -0.9       4.5     11.0    16.7

 F 27.0    25.5    30.4    40.1    51.8    62.1    

       VII    VIII    IX        X       XI     XII

C    20.6    17.5   13.6   8.5     5.3    3.4

F    69.1   63.5   56.5   47.3   41.5    38.1

Population

  •  5.5 million, average density of 18 people per sq. km of land area, annual growth rate 0.5 %
  • life expectancy: men 76.5 and women 83.2 years
  • average household size: 2.1 persons, 55 % of the households live in single-family houses, 43 % in apartment blocks, 84.4 % are urban-dwellers, with 1.2 million on Greater Helsinki Area
  • other major citiesin Finland: Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku, Oulu and Jyväskylä
  • 89 % speak Finnish, 5.3 % Swedish, 1,3 % Russian
  • 74 % are Lutheran, 1 % Orthodox
  • 81 % of the population aged 25 to 64 have completed upper secondary or tertiary education and 37 % have university or other tertiary qualifications, it is highest percentage in the EU countries
  • 85 % of Finnish households own a personal computer and 76 % broadband, 99 % of households have cell phones

Government

  • sovereign parliamentary republic since 1917
  • from 1809 – 1917 Finland was autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian Empire
  • before Finland was part of the Kingdom of Sweden for centuries
  • the president is elected every six years, the position has been held by Mr. Sauli Niinistö since 2012
  • the 200 members of Parliament are elected for four-year terms, the biggest parties are Finnish Centre 35 seats, National Coalition Pary 44 seats, Social democratic Party 42 seats, The Finns 39, Left Alliance 14, Swedish People's Party 9, Christian Democratic Party 6, Åland 1 and Greens 10.
  • Finland has been a member of the European Union since January 1995

Economy

  • GDP 2014: 205 billion euros
  • inflation rate as of July 2012 was -0.2 %
  • currency is Euro
  • economic structure by employed persons
    • miscellaneous services 34 %
    • trade and hotel 16 %
    • manufacturing 13 %
    • financial and business services 14 %
    • transport and communication 10 %
    • construction and energy 8 %
    • agriculture and forestry 5 %
  • manufacturing
    • metal and engineering products 46 %
    • other manufactured items 23 %
    • forest products 16 %
    • food and textile good 15 %
  • exports and imports 

     (MEUR)              Exports                         Imports

     Total 2011           56,615                           60,261

     Germany                 5,622                            7,490

     Sweden                    6,730                            6,044

     Russia                      5,330                          11,246

     USA                           2,904                            2,218

     Netherlands           3,810                             3,112

     Great Britain          2,911                             1,774

     China                        3,026                            4,447

     France                       1,756                            1,963

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